The name comes from the old Slavonic word ‘busa’ or ‘bous’ meaning ‘ship’ or ‘boat’ or another kind of vessel. Historians say that a thousand years ago, Busov Hill together with the Busovo lowland located beneath were an important shipbuilding center.
In the tenth century, the Byzantine Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus wrote: ‘Russian caravans heading to Constantinople gathered near Kyiv where they retooled their boats preparing them for a far sea voyage. They gather their boats in the Kyiv fortress called Sambatas’.
Sambatas fortress located on Busov Hill probably appeared two centuries before the founding of Kyiv, about the year 250. Many modern researchers call Busov Hill the place where the history of the Ukrainian capital began.
In Kyivan Rus times, the fortress continued to function, and the part of Busov Hill called the Red Yard was used by the Kyivan Princes as their country seat. Here the Princes’ hunting area was located and thus it was call ‘Zverinets’ (‘wild beast shew’).
Busov Hill became one of the most important spiritual centers of Kyiv. Zverinetskiy Cave Monastery was founded here long before the foundation of Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra. According to some data, the legendary library of Yaroslav the Wise could be partially stored in Zverinetskiy Cave Monastery.
In 1070-77, Vsevolod Yaroslavich founded Vydubitsky Monastery which quickly became the center of social and political life of Kyiv and of the princely court. In the Monastery, the Princes arranged negotiations, gathered the army and prayed before campaigns.
For more than thousand years of history, many miracles are believed to have been seen on Busov Hill. People claimed to have seen saints’ faces, pillars of fire up to the sky or a ‘flood not running but standing still as a wall half as arshin high‘. One of the miracles was the appearance of the Mother of God in a pillar of fire to father Jonah, and this was the cause of the Foundation of Holy Trinity Monastery of St. Jonas located in the territory of the M. M. Hryshko National Botanical Garden.
According to many researchers, Busov Hill is one of the most powerful energy centers of Ukraine. The atmosphere of well-being, peace and serenity contributes to the glory of the Zverinets district as one of the most pleasant places to live in Kyiv.